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Published: May 19, 2024

Step-by-Step 2024 Guide on Refinishing Granite Countertops at Home

Are your granite countertops looking a little worse for wear? Time to rejuvenate their sparkle and beauty! Granite countertops are a popular choice for homeowners because of their durability and timeless appeal. But let's face it, even the sturdiest surfaces can start to show signs of wear over time.


Imagine walking into your kitchen and seeing your countertops gleaming like new again. The good news is that you don't need to invest in costly replacements to achieve this transformation. Refinishing granite countertops is a fantastic way to restore their luster and extend their lifespan.


In this comprehensive guide, we'll take you through the entire process of refinishing granite countertops at home. You'll gain valuable insights, step-by-step instructions, and expert tips to ensure your countertops look as good as the day they were installed. Say goodbye to dull, stained, or scratched surfaces and hello to a fresh, professional finish.


Benefits of Refinishing Granite Countertops


Refinishing granite countertops offers several advantages over replacement, including:


  • Cost-effectiveness: Refinishing is significantly less expensive than purchasing and installing new countertops, making it an attractive option for budget-conscious homeowners.
  • Preserves the existing countertop: Instead of removing and discarding the existing granite, refinishing allows you to retain the original material, reducing waste and environmental impact.
  • Customization: Refinishing provides an opportunity to change the color or finish of your countertops, allowing you to update the look of your kitchen or bathroom without a complete overhaul.
  • Increased durability: When done correctly, refinishing can enhance the longevity of your granite countertops, protecting them from future wear and tear.


Understanding the Condition of Your Granite Countertops


Before diving into the refinishing process, it's essential to evaluate the current state of your granite countertops. This step is crucial to determine the best approach and ensure a successful outcome. Here's what to look for:


  • Scratches: Take a close look at the surface for any scratches. Shallow scratches can usually be smoothed out during the refinishing process. However, deep gouges might be more challenging and could require professional repair or even replacement.
  • Stains: Identify any stains and determine their type—whether they're oil-based, water-based, or etch marks. Knowing the stain type will help you choose the most effective cleaning method to remove them.
  • Cracks or Chips: Inspect the countertops for any cracks or chips. Minor imperfections can often be filled and repaired during refinishing. However, significant or structural damage may require the expertise of a professional to be fixed properly.
  • Overall Wear and Tear: Assess the overall condition of your countertops. If they have extensive damage or wear, it might be worth considering whether refinishing is a viable solution or if replacing them would be more beneficial in the long run.


Tools and Materials Needed for Refinishing Granite Countertops


To ensure a successful refinishing project, gather the following tools and materials:


  • Granite cleaner and degreaser
  • Granite polish or sealant
  • Sandpaper (various grits, from coarse to fine)
  • Orbital sander or hand sanding pads
  • Rags or microfiber cloths
  • Putty knife or plastic scraper
  • Epoxy or granite repair kit (for filling cracks or chips)
  • Respirator or face mask
  • Safety goggles
  • Gloves
  • Drop cloths or plastic sheeting


Having the right tools and materials on hand will make the refinishing process smoother and more efficient, ensuring a professional-looking result.


Step-by-Step Guide to Refinishing Granite Countertops

1. Preparing the countertop surface


Before starting the refinishing process, it's essential to prepare the countertop surface properly. Follow these steps:


  • Clear the countertops of all appliances, decorative items, and other objects.
  • Cover any adjacent surfaces, such as cabinets or walls, with plastic sheeting or drop cloths to protect them from dust and debris.
  • Clean the countertops thoroughly with a granite cleaner and degreaser to remove any built-up grime, grease, or residue.
  • Use a putty knife or plastic scraper to remove any loose or flaking sealant or finish from the countertop surface.


Thorough prep work ensures the new finish sticks correctly and looks flawless.

2. Cleaning the countertop


Once the surface is clear and protected, it's time to deep clean the granite countertops. Follow these steps:


  • Mix a solution of warm water and a pH-neutral granite cleaner according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Using a clean, soft cloth or sponge, gently scrub the countertop surface with the cleaning solution, paying extra attention to any stubborn stains or discolored areas.
  • Rinse the countertops thoroughly with clean water to remove any remaining cleaner residue.
  • Dry the surface completely with clean, absorbent towels or microfiber cloths.


Thorough cleaning is essential to ensure that the new finish adheres properly and doesn't trap any dirt or debris beneath it.


3. Repairing any damages


If your granite countertops have any cracks, chips, or other damages, it's important to address them before proceeding with the refinishing process. Follow these steps:


  • For small cracks or chips, use an epoxy or granite repair kit to fill the damaged areas according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Allow the repair material to cure completely before proceeding to the next step.
  • For larger or more extensive damage, consider seeking professional assistance, as DIY repairs may not be sufficient or long-lasting.


Addressing any existing damages will ensure a smooth and even surface for the new finish, preventing further issues down the line.

4. Sanding the countertop


Sanding is a crucial step in the refinishing process, as it helps create a smooth, even surface for the new finish to adhere to. Follow these steps:


  • Start with a coarse-grit sandpaper (e.g., 80-100 grit) and an orbital sander or hand sanding pads.
  • Sand the entire countertop surface, moving in a circular or overlapping pattern to ensure even coverage.
  • Progress through finer grits of sandpaper (e.g., 120, 180, 220 grit), sanding between each grit to achieve a smooth, uniform finish.
  • Vacuum or wipe away any dust or debris after each sanding step.


Proper sanding is essential for creating a smooth, even surface that will allow the new finish to adhere properly and look its best.

5. Applying the sealant


Once the countertop surface is smooth and clean, it's time to apply the new sealant or finish. Follow these steps:


  • Choose a high-quality granite sealant or polish suitable for your specific countertop material.
  • Read and follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully for application and drying times.
  • Apply the sealant or polish in thin, even coats, using a clean, lint-free cloth or applicator pad.
  • Allow each coat to dry completely before applying the next, following the recommended drying times.
  • Apply multiple coats for best results, typically three to four coats for optimal protection and shine.


Proper application of the sealant or polish is crucial for achieving a long-lasting, beautiful finish on your refinished granite countertops.

6. Buffing and polishing the countertop


After the final coat of sealant or polish has dried completely, it's time to buff and polish the countertop for a high-shine, professional-looking finish. Follow these steps:


  • Use a clean, dry microfiber cloth or buffing pad to gently buff the countertop surface in a circular motion.
  • Apply light pressure and work in small sections to ensure even coverage and a consistent shine.
  • For an extra glossy finish, consider using a granite polish or enhancer after buffing, following the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Wipe away any excess polish or residue with a clean, dry cloth.


Proper buffing and polishing will bring out the natural beauty and luster of your refinished granite countertops, ensuring a stunning and long-lasting result.


Maintenance Tips for Keeping Your Refinished Granite Countertops Looking Great


After investing time and effort into refinishing your granite countertops, it's essential to maintain them properly to ensure their longevity and beauty. Don't forget these essential maintenance tips:


  1. Regular cleaning: Clean your countertops regularly with a pH-neutral granite cleaner and a soft cloth or sponge. Avoid abrasive cleaners or harsh chemicals that can damage the sealant or finish.
  2. Spill management: Wipe up spills promptly to prevent staining or etching. Use coasters or trivets under hot dishes or appliances to protect the surface.
  3. Resealing: Depending on the type of sealant used and the amount of wear and tear, you may need to reseal your countertops every one to two years to maintain their protection and shine.
  4. Avoid abrasives: Refrain from cutting directly on the countertop surface, and use cutting boards or mats to prevent scratches or gouges.
  5. Gentle cleaning techniques: Use non-abrasive cleaning pads or soft cloths when cleaning your countertops to avoid scratching or dulling the finish.


By following these maintenance tips, you can ensure that your refinished granite countertops remain in pristine condition for years to come.


Common Mistakes to Avoid When Refinishing Granite Countertops


While refinishing granite countertops can be a rewarding DIY project, it's essential to be aware of common mistakes that can compromise the results. Here are some pitfalls to avoid:


  • Inadequate surface preparation: Failing to properly clean and prepare the countertop surface can lead to poor adhesion and an uneven finish.
  • Skipping repairs: Attempting to refinish over existing cracks, chips, or damage without proper repair can result in an unsatisfactory and short-lived finish.
  • Improper sanding: Skipping grits or not sanding thoroughly can leave an uneven surface, leading to an inconsistent finish and potential adhesion issues.
  • Ignoring manufacturer instructions: Not following the manufacturer's instructions for application, drying times, and recommended coats can compromise the performance and durability of the sealant or polish.
  • Neglecting maintenance: Failing to properly maintain and reseal your refinished countertops can lead to premature wear, staining, or loss of shine.


By being aware of these common mistakes and taking the necessary precautions, you can increase your chances of achieving a successful and long-lasting refinishing project.


Professional Refinishing vs. DIY Refinishing


While DIY refinishing can be a cost-effective and rewarding option for some homeowners, it's important to consider the pros and cons of professional refinishing as well. Use this comparison to help you decide wisely:

DIY Refinishing


  • Pros: Lower cost, ability to tackle the project at your own pace, sense of accomplishment.
  • Cons: Requires specialized tools and materials, potential for mistakes or subpar results, time-consuming process.

Professional Refinishing


  • Pros: Guaranteed quality workmanship, expert knowledge and experience, time-saving convenience, warranty or guarantee on the work.
  • Cons: Higher cost, scheduling coordination, and potential for temporary disruption during the process.


Ultimately, the choice between DIY and professional refinishing will depend on your skill set, budget, time constraints, and desired level of perfection. If you're confident in your abilities and willing to invest the time and effort, DIY refinishing can be a rewarding and cost-effective option. However, if you prioritize convenience, guaranteed results, and peace of mind, hiring a professional refinishing service may be the better choice.


Frequently Asked Questions

How long does the refinishing process typically take?


The duration of the refinishing process can vary depending on the size of the countertop area and the extent of repairs needed. Generally, a DIY refinishing project can take anywhere from one to three days, while professional refinishing may be completed in a single day.

Can any type of granite countertop be refinished? 


Most types of granite countertops can be refinished, including polished, honed, and leathered finishes. However, it's important to assess the condition of the countertop and address any significant damage or structural issues beforehand.

How long does the new finish last? 


With proper application and maintenance, a high-quality sealant or polish can last anywhere from one to five years before needing to be reapplied. Regular resealing and proper care can extend the lifespan of the refinished surface.

Is refinishing granite countertops a permanent solution? 


While refinishing can significantly extend the lifespan of your granite countertops, it is not a permanent solution. Over time, the new finish may wear down, and the countertops may need to be refinished again or eventually replaced.

Can refinishing change the color of my granite countertops? 


Yes, refinishing can allow you to change the color or finish of your granite countertops. However, it's important to choose a sealant or polish that is compatible with the new desired color and follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully.




Refinishing granite countertops is an excellent way to breathe new life into your kitchen or bathroom without the need for costly replacements. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can achieve a professional-looking finish and extend the lifespan of your countertops.


Remember, proper preparation, attention to detail, and adherence to manufacturer instructions are key to a successful refinishing project. If you're unsure about tackling the project yourself, consider hiring a professional refinishing service in Fort Worth, TX like Ft. Worth Refinishing, renowned for their expertise and commitment to delivering outstanding results in the Fort Worth, TX area.


Whether you choose to DIY or seek professional assistance, refinishing your granite countertops is an investment that can enhance the beauty and value of your home for years to come.


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